Differences Between Quartz and Automatic Watches


A watch may be a simple everyday essential for some people but some consider it to be an investment, an heirloom, or a signature accent that displays their personalities. There is a pool of selection to choose from and it is quite a feat when you are new to the blended world of horology and fashion.

For starters, you might prioritize the design, the style, the color, or the model. However, the first and foremost thing you should be looking for is the movement of the watch.

What exactly is a watch movement?

Watch movement is also known as the caliber. It is the powerhouse engine of a watch that makes it operational. The movement keeps all the internal mechanisms working and plays a huge role in the timekeeping functions of the watch.

There are different calibers available in the watch market today but each movement falls into automatic and quartz categories.

What is Quartz Movement?

Quartz movement is among the most popular movements in the world which make up 90% of watches we have today. As the name implies, it works through a mechanism made of ‘quartz’. It utilizes the quarts crystal, a battery, and an electronic oscillator.

What is Automatic Movement?

Automatic movement on the other hand uses a rotor or metal weight to power a watch. The rotor serves as the free-moving oscillator of the timepiece and every time the wearer moves, the rotor spins along. This spinning motion is then transferred into energy that automatically winds up the mainspring of the watch.

Let us take a look at the features of both movements and compare their differences.

Quartz Movement Advantages

Accuracy. For watch users, one of the most important features to look for in a wristwatch is time-telling accuracy. Of course, we all want our accessories to indicate the exact time, or our schedules are doomed! A quartz watch is a very desirable timepiece for both new and seasoned collectors.

Affordability. One of the best advantages of the quartz movement is its price. Quartz watches are more affordable than automatic watches. 

Technology. Quartz technology is incredibly simple. It can also be augmented with other electronics and smart functions making it more flexible in terms of advanced applications.

Autonomy. Since quartz watches’ circuits are powered by a battery, you no longer need to set up the time every now and then unlike with automatic watches that stop working when not in use. As long as the battery is alive, the quartz watch will be operational. 

Weight. They are usually lighter than automatic ones because of the metal parts of the latter. Unlike quartz watches, they don’t have complicated gears that could increase the weight of the watch. It is easier to get a flat and minimalist design with quartz watches than with automatic watches.

Automatic Movement Advantages

Price. Among the noticeable indicators of automatic watches is the price. They are quite more expensive than a quartz-powered watch. 

Craftsmanship & Artistry. Learning about the price mark of automatic watches, it is easy to understand why it is more expensive. The craftsmanship and artistry behind the creation of automatic watches, which make up only 10% of the watches in today’s market, are a result of extensive research and development for several decades. Many automatic watches have deep history and heritage.

Engineering. The engineering of automatic watches is highly impressive. There is a certain allure to their mechanical character. Seasoned collectors of automatic watches are just car enthusiasts. They prefer manual transmissions over automatic transmissions.

Sweeping Hands. It is easy to recognize an automatic watch with the way its hands move. It sweeps and glides smoothly and does not stop every second like quartz watches do. This sweeping movement is truly captivating. It is deeply appreciated by lovers of mechanical watches

Durability. Automatic watches are more durable. This is why many prefer them over quartz, especially if they ought to keep the watch and pass it on to the next generation. They are made of high-quality materials and can last a lifetime with proper care

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